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        【英語角】寫英語作文時,突然忘詞了怎么辦

         

         · 試用籠統詞 · 

         

        英語語言中籠統詞有have、take 等,籠統詞的重要特點在于意義廣泛,搭配性強,構成詞組后可以替代眾多具體動詞。雖然不能精確表達一個動作,卻能大致表達意思。在一些具體動詞寫不出來的時候,用這些籠統詞取代,也能收到異曲同工的效果。

         

        例如:我經歷了一個極其艱苦的時代。

         

        I experienced a terrible hard time.

         

        這一句中,experience被遺忘時,用have代替,成為:I had a terrible hard time. 其效果及表達的意義決不亞于第一句。這樣的例子還很多。如:

         

        Do you understand my meaning, sir? = Do you take my meaning, sir?

         

        I will preside over the meeting. = I will take the meeting.

         

        I will subscribe to the local newspaper. = I will take the local newspaper.

         

        They occupied the city. = They took the city.

         

        The boy resembles his father. = The boy takes after his father.

         

        從以上的例句不難看出,具體詞音節較多,使用頻率不高,容易遺忘,而籠統詞則不然。因此,在作文應試中,籠統詞取代具體詞,不失為一種應急良策。

         

        2

         · 聯想有關詞匯· 

         

        當遺忘產生時,或遇到未曾學過的詞時,應采取放射性思維,發揮想象力,想出一切與之有關的單詞,利用語言的內在聯系,多層次,多角度地運用語言。一般情況下,聯想可按下列思路進行:①聯想同義詞;②聯想反義詞。

         

        英語語言中眾多的同義詞在許多情況下是可以通用的。利用這一規律,由于某個單詞受阻而影響全篇寫作的情況便不會出現。試看下列句子:

         

        I had a nightmare last night. = I had a bad dream last night.

         

        Nightmare 使用頻率不太高,因此不太好記。而其同義詞bad dream 卻很容易記。以后者取代前者絲毫不影響原句的意義。再比如:I don‘t understand this word. 也可以說成 I don’t know this word.

         

        另外:

         

        He is stupid. = He is foolish. = He is a fool. = He is silly.

         

        The food is delicious. = The food is tasty. = The food is nice to eat.

         

        They discontinued the work at five. = They stopped the work at five.

         

        His temper is nasty. = His temper is terrible. = He has a bad temper.

         

        英語語言中詞與詞之間是有聯系的,詞與詞之間語義的“共核”現象即所謂的同義詞。豐富的同義詞給我們提供了極大的方便。

         

        同樣,用其反義詞來取代某一遺忘了的詞也是可行的,請看下面的例子:

         

        He is stubborn. = He is not tame.

         

        The knife is blunt. = The knife is not sharp.

         

        This is expensive. = This is not cheap.

         

        She is talkative. = She is never quiet.

         

        3

         · 試用解釋性語句· 

         

        語言的功能在于表達,而表達的方式是多種多樣的。當一個詞影響到可以溝通。英語當中多功能解釋性語句,就可以起到這一作用。請看下面的句子:

         

        He is a dumb. = He is a person who can not speak.

         

        He refused. = He said “no”.

         

        I’ve never seen such a stubborn person. = I’ve never seen such a person who never listens to other‘s advice.

         

        解釋性語句能幫助我們巧妙地避開一些大詞,難詞,又能使意思表達流暢,不失為一聰明之舉。

         

         

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