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        廣東新易學院

        廣東新易學教育培訓學院_高職高考輔導班
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        【英語角】英語動詞固定搭配

        2021-09-08 瀏覽次數0

         

        一. 只接不定式(不能接動名詞)作賓語的25個常用動詞

        1. want to do sth. 想要做某事

        I want to buy a new computer this afternoon.

        我想今天下午買臺新電腦。

         

        2. would like to do sth. 想要做某事

        I would like to invite you to come to my birthday party this Saturday. 

        我想邀請你這周六來我的聚會。

         

        3. wish to do sth. 希望做某事 

        I wish to live on the moon one day.

        我希望有一天在月球上生活。

         

        4. help to do sth. 幫助做某事    

        I often help to do some chores at home.

        我在家經常幫著做家務。

         

        5. hope to do sth. 希望做某事

        I hope to have a good rest this weekend.

        我希望這周末好好休息一下。

         

        6. learn to do sth. 學會做某事  

        He finally learned to play the piano with the help of the teacher.    

        在老師的幫助下,他最終學會了彈鋼琴。 

         

        7. manage to do sth. 設法做成某事

        They managed to escape the fire yesterday.

        昨天他們設法逃脫了火災。

         

        8. offer to do sth. 主動提出做某事   

        Never offer to teach fish to swim. 
        別在強人面前逞能。

         

        9. plan to do sth. 計劃做某事

        He plans to travel around the world.

        他計劃要周游世界。

         

        10. afford to do sth. 負擔得起做某事(時間或金錢方面)  We can’t afford to go abroad this summer.

        今年夏天我們沒有足夠的錢出國。

         

        11. agree to do sth. 做某事

        He agreed to do it at once.

        他同意立刻行動。

         

        12. arrange to do sth. 安排做某事 

        I arrange  to wash clothes tomorrow morning.   

        我安排好明天上午洗衣服。 

         

        13. ask to do sth. 要求做某事  

        The boy asks to go to school by bike.

        這個男孩要求騎自行車去上學。

         

        14. beg to do sth. 懇求做某事

         He begged not to be put into prison.

        他祈求不要被關進監獄。

         

        15. care to do sth. 愿意/喜歡做某事

         

        16. choose to do sth. 選擇做某事 

         

        He chose to believe what she had said.  

        他選擇相信她說的話。  

         

        17. decide to do sth. 決定做某事

        She has decided to travel all over the world.

        她已經決定周游世界了。

         

        18. demand to do sth. 要求做某事  

         

        19. determine to do sth. 決心做某事

        He determined to learn French.

        他下定決心學習法語。

         

        20. expect to do sth. 等待做某事 

        I am expecting to hear from you soon. 

        我期待著早點收到你的來信。 

         

        二. 只接動名詞(不能接不定式)作賓語的28個常用動詞

         

        1. practice doing sth. 練習做某事

         

        I practice playing the piano twice a week.

        我每周練習兩次彈鋼琴。

         

        2. consider doing sth. 考慮做某事

        I consider waiting a bit longer before I give up.

        我考慮放棄之前再等待一段時間。

         

        3. enjoy doing sth. 喜歡做某事

        I enjoy playing basketball.

        我喜歡打籃球。

         

        4. finish doing sth. 完成做某事 

        Let's finish doing the work together.

        讓我們一起完成工作吧。

         

        5. give up doing sth. 放棄做某事

         

        My father has  given up smoking.

        我爸爸已經戒煙了。

         

        6. imagine doing sth. 想象做某事

        I can't imagine marrying such a woman. 

        我不能想象娶了這樣一個女人。 

         

        7. keep doing sth. 一直做某事

        I kept studying English for 1 hour yesterday evening.

        昨天晚上,我一直學了1小時英語。

         

        8. put off doing sth. 推遲做某事

        Sometimes students put off doing their homework until the last minute.
        有時學生們會拖延到最后一分鐘才做作業。

         

        9. risk doing sth. 冒險做某事

        To win the gamble,he risked losing 100 dollars.

        為了贏這場賭局,他冒了失去100美元的風險。

         

        10. suggest doing sth. 建議做某事

        I suggest traveling abroad next month.  

        我建議下個月出國旅行。

         

        11. admit doing sth. 承認做某事 

        He admitted making the mistake. 

        他承認犯了錯誤。

         

        12. advise doing sth. 建議做某事

        He advises going to see a movie.

        他建議去看電影。

         

        13. allow doing sth. 允許做某事

        We don't allow smoking in the classroom. 

        我們不允許在班里吸煙。 

         

        14. appreciate doing sth. 感謝做某事

        We shall appreciate hearing from you again.
        我們恭候佳音。

         

        15. avoid doing sth. 避免做某事

        Try to avoid drinking and smoking. 

        盡量避免喝酒和抽煙。

         

        16. delay doing sth. 拖延做某事

        Why have you delayed writing to him?

        你為什么遲遲不給他寫回信?

         

        17. deny doing sth. 否認做某事

        John denied signing the contract.

        約翰否認簽了合同。

         

        18. discuss doing sth. 討論做某事

        I like to discuss doing sports with my friends.

        我喜歡和我朋友討論體育運動。

         

        19. dislike doing sth. 不喜歡做某事

        He dislikes dancing in public.

        他不喜歡在公眾場合跳舞。

         

        20. escape doing sth. 逃脫做某事

        He escaped being killed.

        他沒有被殺。

         

        21. excuse doing sth. 原諒做某事  

        He can't excuse coming late for work.

        他不能原諒上班遲到。

         

        22. fancy doing sth. 想象/喜愛做某事

        Are you fancy buying some food with me?

        你愿不愿意和我一起去買點吃的?

         

        三. 既可接不定式也可接動名詞,但含義完全不同的8個動詞

         

        1. remember to do sth. 記住要做某事(未做)  

        remember doing sth. 記得做過某事(已做)  

         

        Remember to close the door,please.

        記著關門。
        I remember closing the door.

         

        我記得關了門了。

         

        2. forget to do sth. 忘記去做某事(未做)  

        forget doing sth. 忘記做過某事(已做)

         

        The light in the office is stil on. He forgot to turn it off. 
        辦公室的燈還在亮著,他忘記關了。

        He forgot turning the light off. 
        他忘記他已經關了燈了。

         

        3. regret to do sth. 遺憾要做某事(未做)  

        regret doing sth. 后悔/抱歉做過某事(已做)

         

        I regret to tell you that you can't pass the examination.

        我很遺憾地通知你你不能通過這次考試。 

        I regret disturbing yo so long.

        我很抱歉打擾了你那么久。  

         

        4. try to do sth. 努力做某事   

        try doing sth. 嘗試做某事 

         

        He tries to get the apple above the shelf. But fails to reach it. After a while ,Brown comes in and try showing his ability.  

        他努力去夠架子上的蘋果,但是沒能夠到。過了一會兒,布朗近來嘗試表現他的能力。

         

        5. mean to do sth. 計劃做某事  

        mean doing sth. 意味著做某事

         

        I meant to go, but my father would not allow me to. 
        我想去,但是我父親不肯讓我去。 

        Doing that means wasting time.

        那樣做意味著浪費時間。  

         

        6. can’t help to do sth. 不能幫助做某事 

        can’t help doing sth. 情不自禁做某事  

         

        I can't help to do such stupid thing.
        我不能幫著做這樣愚蠢的事。

        The movie is so funny. I can't help laughing!

        這部電影如此搞笑。我情不自禁地笑了。

         

        7. go on to do sth. 繼續做另一件事  

        go on doing sth. 繼續做同一件事

         

        He went on doing his homework in his room after supper.

        晚飯后他繼續在自己的房間里做家庭作業。
        After finishing his homework,he went on to read the text.

         

        寫完家庭作業后,他又繼續讀課文。

         

        四. 接不定式作賓補的25個常用動詞

         

        1. advise sb. to do sth. 建議某人做某事

        2. allow sb. to do sth. 允許某人做某事

        3. ask sb. to do sth. 請(叫)某人做某事

        4. bear sb. to do sth. 忍耐某人做某事

        5. beg sb. to do sth.  懇求某人做某事

        6. cause sb. to do sth. 導致某人做某事

        7. command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

        8. drive sb. to do sth. 驅使某人做某事

        9. elect sb. to do sth. 選舉某人做某事 

        10. encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓舞某人做某事

        11. expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事

        12. forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事

        13. force sb. to do sth. 強迫某人做某事

        14. get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事

        15. hate sb. to do sth. 討厭/厭惡某人做某事

        16. help sb. to do sth.  幫助某人做某事

        17. intend sb. to do sth.  打算要某人做某事

        18. invite sb. to do sth.  邀請某人做某事

        19. leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事

        20. like sb. to do sth. 喜歡某人做某事 

        21. mean sb. to do sth. 計劃要某人做某事

        22. need sb. to do sth. 需求某人做某事

        23. order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

        24. permit sb. to do sth. 允許某人做某事

        25. persuade sb. to do sth. 說服某人做某事

         

        五. 可接動詞原形做賓補的11個動詞

         

        1. see sb. do sth. 看到某人做了某事

        I saw a big bird fly over the roof of the house yesterday.

        昨天,我看到一只大鳥飛過了屋頂。

         

        2. watch sb. do sth. 觀看某人做了某事

        I watched the thief steal money from others' pockets.

        我看到這個小偷從別人的口袋里偷了錢。

         

        3. notice sb. do sth. 注意到某人做了某事

        I noticed him leave the room.

        我注意到他離開了房間。

         

        4. observe sb. do sth. 觀察到某人做了某事 

        He has observed the girl come into the house.
        他觀察到女孩進了屋。

         

        5. look at sb. do sth. 看著某人做了某事

        I looked at him do his homework just now.

        剛才,我看著他做了他的作業。

         

        6. hear sb. do sth. 聽到某人做了某事

        I heard him sing an English song half an hour ago.

        半個小時前,我聽到他唱了一首英文歌曲。

         

        7. listen to sb. do sth. 聽著某人做了某事

        I listened to him read the passage aloud in English yesterday.

        昨天,我聽著他用英語朗讀了這段話。

         

        8. make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

        I made the students elect a monitor.

        我讓學生們推選一位班長。

         

        9. let sb. do sth. 讓某人做某事

        Let me help you wash your clothes.

        讓我幫你洗衣服吧。

         

        10. have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

        My mom haves me do some housework every weekend. 

        我媽媽每周末讓我做一些家務。

         

        11. feel sb. do sth. 感覺某人做了某事

        I felt the rain drop on the roof last night.

        昨晚我感覺到雨點打在了屋頂上。

         

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